We move to cities and we live in small groups when we get there. These two trends, urbanisation and smaller households, are contributing to housing shortages in cities across the world. Stephen Ryan looks at what needs to be done in this article for the Property Chronicle magazine.
The challenge can be met by having the right sort of housing in the right places and at the right price. But what is the right sort of housing? Traditional houses and apartments do not suit all lifestyles or all budgets. New approaches are needed, for both renters and owners, and perhaps micro-living is one.
A city’s population is always in flux. New people arrive and some stay for years; shorter-term visitors such as tourists, students or mobile workers continually come and go.
Some people even live in two cities: these are the long-distance commuters who work in their host city from during the week, returning to their home city at weekends. For them, each weekly stint is short, but the long-distance commuting arrangement can last years.
Lifestyles and timeframes are very diverse, and housing should be too.
Households have become smaller. In the UK the average household has reduced from about 4.5 people in 1801 to 2.4 people today. This means that for every 100 people we now need 42 housing units, compared to just 22 in 1801.
The surge in urban populations poses difficulties. Infrastructure is stretched; planners and builders struggle; locals may be ‘priced out’ by high earning newer arrivals.
There is no panacea, but some approaches can help to create better towns and cities. Micro-living is one of these, though it is often misunderstood and unfairly criticised. Some of the criticism reflects uncertainty over what micro-living means and how it compares to related terms such as co-living.
The British Property Federation (BPF), working in partnership with JLL, undertook a detailed analysis of the terminology used to describe small housing from across the world. The research identified that the general catch-all term used to describe small housing around the world is either micro living or micro homes. Co-living is one of many forms of micro-living, a subset.
Different types of micro-living sit along a spectrum featuring self-contained living at one end and shared living at the other. Studios are a familiar example of self-contained living; house shares are a familiar example of shared living. Co-living fits in between. It has become a common international term for modern purpose-built developments that provide a combination of personal living space and shared facilities.
All micro living solutions are provided below current UK minimum space standards. “Nano flats” (in Hong Kong) and “tiny houses” (in the UK, Netherlands and elsewhere) are extremely small; co-living units slightly bigger; studios are bigger again, according to the BPF research.
Discussions about micro-living often focus on just one parameter: floorspace. Units below a certain size are “Dickensian”, we are told; larger units are the answer for everyone, we are told. But micro-living is more than floorspace. Sound proofing is important – nothing shrinks your apartment quite like hearing a neighbour’s snores. For those who like being outdoors, proximity to open space is desirable. A compact and quiet flat near a park may suit some people better than a house surrounded by other houses.
Urbanisation and smaller households create the need for a mix of different housing types. Micro-living is clearly not for everyone, but it does suit some people at certain times in their life. Good things may come in small packages.